Indus Valley Civilization is one of the earliest Civilizations in the world. Infact, it along with the Mesopotamia Civilization are the first two clivilizations in the world.
A civilization means an advanced stage in human social development where people live in organised structured society with rules and a better life. As civilizations evolved humans transitioned from being nomads living by the survival of the fittest rule to living in settled societies with rules that ensures better life for humans.
Humans started settling in Indus Valley as early as 6000 BCE and the civilization started to form around 4000 BCE. The aryan race migrated from the central asia region and settled at the banks of the river Indus and its tributaries. This regions currently falls under Pakistan and Northern India. River Indus is known as River Sindhu in this area. The people of this area are therefore come to known as Sindhu, or as they are known now, Hindu.
Hindu is therfore not a religion but a culture that evolved from the Indus Valley Civilisation. The Hindu religion later developed as the religion of the Hindu people.
During the period 3000 BCE and 2000 BCE, the Indus Valley Civilisation florished. It had a developed society. It had cities where business were conducted. Everybody worked towards supporting the societies. Skilled people had specific tasks while unskilled people were given tasks that they can do. In this way, Indus Valley Civilization had set a foundation stone for the complex and civilised society that it currently is.
The whole origins of Hindu culture has its roots in the Indus Valley Civilization. It’s history is amazing and very exciting.